If you or your child is suffering from ear, nose, or throat problems, it's important to seek help from a pediatric otolaryngologist. Here's what you need to know. What is pediatric otolaryngology? Pediatric otolaryngology is a subspecialty of Ear, Nose, and Throat (ENT) that focuses on the medical and surgical treatment of children's ear, nose, and throat conditions. How is a pediatric otolaryngologist different from other doctors? A pediatric otolaryngologist is a doctor who has completed training in ENT and then gone on to complete an additional two to three years of fellowship training in pediatric ENT.